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  • EUSKAL HERRIA, THE BASQUE'S HOMELAND

    ehPrehistoric man came to the western foothills of the Pyrenees in search of a place to settle and live. Close to the natural border formed by the mountains that stretch across the land joining the Iberian peninsula to the rest of Europe, he found what he was looking for.

    The Basques have lived continually in this small region since the beginning of recorded time. By maintaining their age-old cultural traditions, and keeping their historic identity alive, the Basques provide a link with man’s distant past. Euskara, the Basque language, is probably the oldest surviving language in Europe.

     

     

    europa_euskadiThe Basque Country covers a surface area of 20,664 square kilometers at the western end of the Pyrenees to the Bay of Biscay. Today it consists of seven districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form part of two different European countries: Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Navarre which are in Spain, and Lapurdi, Zuberoa and Benafarroa which are in France.

    Three of the Basque Homeland's seven historic territories of Araba , Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa in the north of Spain, cover a total surface area of 7,234 square kilometers and are grouped together to form a political unit known as EUSKADI, or the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country.


    Vital statistics Information

    Area 7,234 square kilometres

    Population (2003) 2,112,204

    Population density 287.9

    Official languages Basque and Spanish

    Capital Vitoria-Gasteiz

    Airports 3

    Major ports 2

    Technology parks 3

    Doctors 4.7 per 1,000 inhabitants

    Life expectancy

    76.4 years (Men)

    83.7 years (Women)


    Ratios pupils/teacher
    (2002-2003)
    9.6 (Secondary education)

    Schooling ratios (3-15 years) 100%

       
       
    The economy
    Information

    The Basque economy in Spain:
     

    4.94% of the Spanish population.
    (Source: INE 2003)
    6.38% of the Spanish GDP. (Source: INE 2002)
    8.27% of Spanish exports. (Source: ECOMEX 2003)
    5.67% of Spanish imports. (Source: ECOMEX 2003)
    8.9% of state industrial production. (Source: INE 2002)


    GDP (Gross Domestic Product):

    Year

    1994
    1995
    1996
    1997
    1998
    1999
    2000
    2001
    2002
    2003 *
    Euskadi

    3.4%
    3.5%
    3.2%
    5.0%
    6.0%
    4.9%
    5.2%
    2.9%
    1.7%
    2.4%
    Spain

    2.4%
    2.8%
    2.4%
    4.0%
    4.3%
    4.2%
    4.2%
    2.7%
    2.0%
    2.4%
    E.U. -15

    2.8%
    2.4%
    1.6%
    2.5%
    2.9%
    2.8%
    3.5%
    1.6%
    1.0%
    0.7%
       
    * (estimates)
    Source: EUSTAT, EUROSTAT, INE y OCDE

    Gross Domestic product (GDP 2002 - Constant prices)
    42,491.56 million €

    GDP per inhabitant (2003)

    - Europe 15: 100%
    - Europe 25: 91.7%
    - Basque Country: 107%
    - Spain: 87%


    EU-25 ranking as per GDP per capita (pps in dollars) -In 2001

    - Basque Country: 24,552
    - Ranking: 8th

    Source: Directorate for Economic Affairs and Planning (PPS = Purchasing power standard)

    Gross Added Value (2002. Constant prices)
     



    - Farming and fisheries
    - Industry
    - Building
    - Services
    Euskadi

      1.47%
    32.68%
      7.74%
    58.12 %
    Spain

      4.15%
    23%
      8.65%
    64.20 %

    Working population by sectors (in thousands)2003

    - Farming and fisheries
    - Industry
    - Building
    - Services
    TOTAL

      18.6 (2.08%)
    247.2 (27.58%)
      85.2 (9.51%)
    545.2 (60.83%)
    896.2 (100%)

     

    Foreign Trade


    Exports 2003
    28,924 million €

    - Rest of Spain: 17,171
    - Other countries: 11,753


    Imports 2003
    29,662 million €

    - Rest of Spain: 19,209
    - Other countries: 10,453


    Export tendencies* (abroad)
    (Data for 2003):
     
    Basque Country:
    Germany:
    France:
    Italy:
    Spain:
    26.15%
    32.86%
    23.53%
    24.56%
    27.94%

    * Proportion of GDP accounted for by exports of goods and services, at constant prices.
    Source: EUSTAT, INE, INSEE, DESTATIS, ISTAT

    Degree of openness of the Basque economy 2003:

    - Basque Country: 131.85%
    - Spain: 57.68%

    Source: Directorate for Economic Affairs and Planning based on data provided by EUSTAT (Basque Institute of Statistics) and INE (Spanish Institute of Statistics)
    Definition of the degree of openess of Euskadi: ratio of imports plus exports of goods, and services both abroad and to the rest of the Sapain over GDP (at current prices)

    Gross disposable household income per capita

    *Variation in index in Euskadi (Index for Spain: 100 for 1995 & 2001):

    - 2001: 124.6 points
    - 1995: 119.8 points

    *Euro value - 2001:

    - Euskadi: 12,847 euro (Autonomous community with highest income)
    - Spain: 10,313 euro

    Source: INE

    Unemployment rate (2003) 8.6%

    Retail Price Index (2003) 2.6%

    Research & Development 2002

    - Euskadi: 1.50% of GDP
    - Spain: 1.03% of GDP


    Researches E.D.P. In relation to the active population (‰ ):

    - Euskadi (2002): 11.4
    - Spain (2001): 7.8
    - European Union (2001): 10.6

    E.D.P.: Equivalent to full time

    Quality of Basque industry in % no. of quality certificates/6 million euros GDP 10.92 (3rd in Europe, behind the United Kingdom and Ireland)

    Source: The Basque Institute of Statistics (Eustat)
       
     This program is sponsored by:
    The Basque
    Goverment


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